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Did You Know

Did You Know

DID YOU KNOW? PET: Polyethylene Terephtalate

PRODUCTION :

It takes 162 grams of oil and 7 liters of water to produce one PET bottle. Studies suggest that between 7% and 8% of the world’s fossil fuels are used in producing new plastics. Source: www.professorhouse.com In the USA, 29 billion bottles are produced each year which requires 17 million barrels of oil, which could fuel 1 million cars on average. In the world 2,5 million tons of PET is used for water bottles (around 8 million for the total of PET) Source: The Guardian – 11/02/2008 Every piece of (petroleum-based) plastic ever manufactured still exists. Source: www.surfrider.org/makingwaves/makingwaves24-2/3.pdf

PRICE:

The consumer price for a bottle of water packaging accounts for 10% and transporting it costs 30%. Source: Le Figaro – 12/2007 For every ounce, producing bottled water costs more than gasoline.

Source: The New York Times – 08/2005 Bottled water, running at about $2.50 per liter, ends up costing the average consumer approximately $10 per gallon -- more than three times the currently soaring price of gasoline. Source: The John Hopkins Newsletter – 03/2006

MARKET:

There were 1,3 billion people without access to clean water in 2006 around the world. It’s estimated to rise to 5 billion people by 2025.

Source: The Guardian – 11/02/2008

CONSUMPTION:
Annual consumption of PET in the world and certain countries. Source: The Guardian – 11/02/2008 & Data Monitor

In Billions of PET
Total Production
World - 300
UK - 13
France - 11
USA -
29

Inc. Bottle Water
World - 100
UK - 3
France - 7
USA - 8

Consumption of bottled water is growing more quickly than soft drinks and has more than doubled in the past decade. Source: The New York Times – 08/2005

Americans consume 2.5 million PET bottles every hour. Source: www.sciencedaily.com– 01/08/2007

Americans consumed 50 billion plastic water bottles last year that were totally recyclable polyesthylene terephthalate plastic. Recycling rate for (PET) is 23% which means we pitch 38 billion water bottles into landfills per year - more then $1 billion worth of plastic! Source: www.surfrider.org/makingwaves/makingwaves24-2/3.pdf

The average American consumes 167 bottles of water a year. Source: greenupgrader.com/3258/plastic-bottle-facts-make-you-think-before-you-drink. 23/08/08

In the US 96% of bottled water is sold in single-serving PET plastic bottles. An estimated 4 billion of them end up in the garbage, costing cities $70 million a year in clean-up costs. Source: http://www.newint.org/features/2008/09/01/plastic-is-forever/

MISCONCEPTIONS:
Question: Are recycled bottles made into new bottles? Answer: To an extent. Recycled bottles are used to make lower grade plastics. Many manufacturers are just now producing bottles of lower grade plastics, but it’s not enough. Question: Is recycling plastic bottles the most efficient way to reduce their pollution? Answer: No. The most efficient way to reduce PET pollution is to reduce usage. Source: www.ecologycenter.org Last updated in 2008

TRANSPORT:
Transport of EVIAN’s consumption in the UK (900 km): 14 000 tons of CO2/year Transport of VOLVIC’s consumption in UK (1 000 km): 9 000 tons of CO2/year Highland Springs, a British supplier, produces 5 500 tons of CO2/year Imported bottled water from New Zealand or the Fiji Islands travel 18 000km to reach Europe. Source: The Guardian – 11/02/2008

The manufacture and transport of that one kilogram bottle of Fiji water consumed 26.88 kilograms of water (7.1 gallons) .849 Kilograms of fossil fuel (one litre or .26 gal) and emitted 562 grams of Greenhouse Gases (1.2 pounds). Source: Treehugger.com 06/02/07 Bottling and shipping water is the least energy efficient method ever used to supply water. Source: greenupgrader.com/3258/plastic-bottle-facts-make-you-think-before-you-drink. 23/08/08

WASTE:
It takes 500 years for 1 bottle that has been thrown away to disintegrate and disappear. Source: Adepimage – 29/07/2007 10 billion PET bottles (2 million tons) are thrown in landfills each year in the USA. Source: Daily Mail – 14/02/2008 & Boston Globe - 25/07/2007

Incinerating used bottled produces toxic byproducts such as chlorine gas and ash containing heavy metals. Buried water bottles can take 1,000 years to biodegrade. Source: Earth Policy Institute – 02/02/2006

RECYCLING:
Theoretical recycling = 100 %, Effective Recycling = 22% Source: Danone website - 02/2008
In 2006, the UK only recycled 3 billion PET bottles of the 13 billion sold. Source: The Guardian – 11/02/2008
Plastic bottles take 700 years to begin composting Recycling a single plastic bottle can conserve enough energy to light a 60 watt light bulb for up to six hours. Source: Earth911.org
38 million plastic bottles go to the dump every year in America from bottled water (not including soda) Source: greenupgrader.com/3258/plastic-bottle-facts-make-you-think-before-you-drink. 23/08/08

THEY REACTED:
Gavin NEWSON, mayor of San Francisco, stopped bottled water in his city hall.
Michael R. BLOOMBERG, mayor of New York, launched a campaign to persuade people to cut back on the use of bottled water and return to tap water.
Richard DALEY, mayor of Chicago, is planning a tax of 10 cents per PET bottle sold.
Ken LIVIGSTON, mayor of London, wants to tackle bottled water after cars. Source: The Guardian – 11/02/2008
Phil WOOLAS, UK’s environment minister, announced that consumption of bottled water is morally unacceptable. Metropolitan areas across the country are banning or putting heavier taxes on bottled water because officials said the plastic bottles are bad for the environment. Source: Container Recycling Institute –02/2008
In the United States, city, state, and county governments have legislated to limit bottled water use or promoting tap water. Restaurants, schools, and religious groups have adopted similar policies, according to the Earth Policy Institute, in Washington. Source: The International Herald Tribune – 03/2008